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El retorno del quetzal. Del desarraigo a la integración de los refugiados guatemaltecos en Campeche
Jorge Luis Cruz Burguete
Acceso Abierto
Refugiados guatemaltecos;Migración de retorno;Derechos humanos;Relaciones interétnicas
Guatemalan refugees;Return migration;Human rights;Interethnic relations
Resumen en inglés: "Since their arrival in Chiapas (between 1981 and 1983), the organized ten thousand of the forty-five thousand refugees -because the others are disperse- were removed for purposes of national security to new camps in Campeche and Quintana Roo (1984-1985). At the end of 1996, of the 9, 681 "refugees" who lived in four camps in Campeche, 55% had been bom in Mexico, and the adults 18 years old and over were invited by ACNUR and COMAR to decide if they wished to remain in the country in order to regularize their immigration situation or to return to Guatemala, According to the official figures, 80% of the people that had taken refuge in Campeche had decided to stay and wished to naturalize themselves as Mexicans, beginning with the formalities of the immigration form (FM2). In this setting, using a stratified sample of 10% of the groups that make up the four Campechan camps, a survey was carried out with the selected families with the objective of knowing the specific opinions of the refugees: willingness to return, willingness to stay, or indifference/indecision. The results illustrate the aspirations of 196 families of the existing 1,776, representing nine native Mayan languages and groups that now have the experience of being refugees for 16 years. "
Estudios Sobre las Culturas Contemporáneas. Vol. VI, no. 11 (jun 2000), p. 31-53. ISSN: 1405-2210
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